Download E-books The Inner Citadel: The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius (Meditations of Marcus Aurelius) PDF

By Pierre Hadot

The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are precious today--as they've been over the centuries--as an inexhaustible resource of knowledge. And as one of many 3 most vital expressions of Stoicism, this is often a necessary textual content for everybody attracted to historic faith and philosophy. but the readability and simplicity of the work's sort are misleading. Pierre Hadot, eminent historian of historical inspiration, uncovers new degrees of that means and expands our figuring out of its underlying philosophy.

Written by means of the Roman emperor for his personal deepest assistance and self-admonition, the Meditations set forth rules for residing a great and simply existence. Hadot probes Marcus Aurelius's instructions and convictions and discerns the hitherto unperceived conceptual process that grounds them. Abundantly quoting the Meditations to demonstrate his research, the writer permits Marcus Aurelius to talk on to the reader. And Hadot unfolds for us the philosophical context of the Meditations, commenting at the philosophers Marcus Aurelius learn and giving unique cognizance to the lessons of Epictetus, whose disciple he was.

The soul, the tenet inside of us, is in Marcus Aurelius's Stoic philosophy an inviolable stronghold of freedom, the "inner citadel." This lively and interesting learn of his notion deals a clean photograph of the attention-grabbing philosopher-emperor, a fuller realizing of the culture and doctrines of Stoicism, and wealthy perception at the tradition of the Roman empire within the moment century. Pierre Hadot has been engaged on Marcus Aurelius for greater than 20 years; during this booklet he distills his research and conclusions with amazing lucidity for the final reader.

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