Middle East

Download E-books Israel: Ein Länderporträt (Länderporträts) (German Edition) PDF

By Ruth Kinet

Israel entfernt sich immer weiter von der Weltgemeinschaft. Seine vielschichtigen Konflikte im Innern sind kaum noch zu verstehen, der Friedensprozess existiert nur noch in den Wunschphantasien westlicher Politiker, und die politische Rhetorik beschwört das Gefühl, Israel stehe allein gegen den leisure der Welt. Der Graben des Unverständnisses zwischen Israel und seinen Nachbarn und Verbündeten vertieft sich zusehends. Ruth Kinet erforscht die israelische Gesellschaft mit einem empathischen Blick. Sie beschreibt Israel aus der Innensicht und fragt, was once die Menschen in diesem Land bewegt, used to be sie zusammenhält, used to be sie hoffen und wovor sie Angst haben. Die Autorin nimmt den Leser mit in den israelischen Alltag und ermöglicht Einblicke in die Lebensthemen und das Lebensgefühl der Israelis.

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Download E-books Royal Hittite Instructions and Related Administrative Texts (Writings from the Ancient World) PDF

By Jared L. Miller

Few compositions offer as a lot perception into the constitution of the Hittite kingdom and the character of Hittite society because the so-called directions. whereas those texts may well strike the fashionable reader as didactic, the Hittites, who categorised them including country treaties, understood them as contracts or tasks, which include the king s directions to officers comparable to clergymen and temple body of workers, mayors, army officials, border garrison commanders, and palace servants. They aspect how and in what spirit the officers are to hold out their tasks and what outcomes they're to endure for failure. additionally incorporated are numerous examples of heavily comparable oath impositions and oaths. accumulating for the 1st time the whole corpus of Hittite directions, this obtainable quantity provides those works in transliteration of the unique texts and translation, with transparent and readable introductory essays, references to fundamental and secondary assets, and thorough indices.

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Download E-books The History of al-Tabari Vol. 23: The Zenith of the Marwanid House: The Last Years of 'Abd al-Malik and The Caliphate of al-Walid A.D. 700-715/A.H. 81-96 (SUNY series in Near Eastern Studies) PDF

By Martin Hinds

This quantity covers the years 700-715 A.D., a interval that witnessed the final 5 years of the caliphate of the Umayyad 'Abd al-Malik b. Marwan and the total of the caliphate of his son al-Walid. on reflection, this era should be obvious to have marked the apogee of Marwanid Umayyad energy.

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Download E-books The Cruel Way: Switzerland to Afghanistan in a Ford, 1939 PDF

In 1939 Swiss trip author and journalist Ella ok. Maillart trigger on an epic trip from Geneva to Kabul with fellow author Annemarie Schwarzenbach in a new Ford. because the first eu girls to go back and forth by myself on Afghanistan’s Northern street, Maillart and Schwarzenbach had a unprecedented glimpse of existence in Iran and Afghanistan at a time while their borders have been hardly ever crossed through Westerners. because the flash throughout Europe and the close to East in a streak of élan and bold, Maillart writes of comical mishaps, breathtaking landscapes, vitriolic non secular clashes, and the ingenuity with which the ladies navigated what was once frequently a perilous trip. In appealing, clear-eyed prose, The merciless Way indicates Maillart’s nice skill to discover and adventure different cultures in writing either lyrical and deeply empathetic.
While the center of the booklet is the adventure itself and their interactions with humans oppressed via political clash and poverty, in the direction of the tip of the journey the women’s more and more bothered dating takes middle degree. via then the glamorous, androgynous Schwarzenbach, whose personal account of the journey are available in All the Roads Are Open, is battling a wasting conflict together with her personal drug dependancy, and Maillart’s pissed off makes an attempt to therapy her convey the profound intensity in their relationship.
Complete with 13 of Maillart’s personal images from the adventure, The merciless means is a vintage of trip writing, and its protagonists are as gripping and fearless as any in literature.

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Download E-books The Rough Guide to Jordan PDF

By Matthew Teller

"The tough consultant to Jordan" is the fundamental consultant to the center East's most attractive vacation spot. This identify good points designated debts of the easiest points of interest Jordan has to provide, in addition to the clearest Jordan maps and plans, elevate the lid in this fascinatingly various kingdom. With specialist suggestion and history, discover the area ask yourself that's Petra, an old urban carved from rose-red mountain cliffs, roam the sands of Wadi Rum within the footsteps of Lawrence of Arabia, after which sit back on golden seashores at Aqaba, Jordan's attractive crimson Sea inn hideaway. you will find precise assistance on getting the simplest out of a trip to Amman, the humming Jordanian capital, in addition to Crusader castles and stunningly good preserved Roman towns. drift your cares away at the useless Sea, the bottom element on the earth, or absorb outstanding perspectives over the Dana biosphere reserve. At each aspect, the tough advisor steers you within the correct path to discover the easiest inns in Jordan, suggested Jordan eating places, cafes and outlets throughout each funds, supplying you with transparent, balanced stories and sincere, first-hand evaluations. This name is helping to discover all corners of Jordan with authoritative historical past on Jordan's tradition and historical past, the clearest maps of any advisor and sensible language assistance. utilize your vacation with "The tough advisor to Jordan".

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Download E-books The History of al-Tabari Vol. 31: The War between Brothers: The Caliphate of Muhammad al-Amin A.D. 809-813/A.H. 193-198 (SUNY series in Near Eastern Studies) PDF

By Michael Fishbein

This part of the History of al-Tabari covers the caliphate of Muhammad al-Amin, who succeeded his father, Harun al-Rashid on March 24, 809, and was once killed on September 25, 813.

The concentration of this part is a unmarried occasion, the civil struggle among al-Amin and his half-brother al-Ma'mun. sooner than his demise, al-Rashid had prepared for the succession in a chain of records signed at Mecca and deposited for safekeeping within the Ka'bah. Al-Amin used to be to develop into caliph; al-Ma'mun used to be to control Khurasan with digital autonomy from Baghdad. Al-Amin may well neither eliminate his brother from workplace nor intrude along with his sales or army help. moreover, al-Ma'mun used to be named as al-Amin's successor, and al-Amin was once forbidden to change the succession. If both brother violated those stipulations, he was once to forfeit his rights.

It quickly grew to become obvious that the nice will to hold out those preparations didn't exist. war of words broke out whilst al-Amin insisted that the various forces that had observed al-Rashid and al-Ma'mun to Khurasan go back to Baghdad. whilst nearly all of military commanders obeyed the hot caliph's orders, al-Ma'mun used to be enraged and countered with measures to safe his place. offended letters have been exchanged, with al-Amin urgent his brother to make concessions that al-Ma'mun considered as opposite to the succession contract. by means of March 811, army clash was once coming near near. Al-Amin demanded that convinced border districts be back to the keep an eye on of Baghdad. while al-Ma'mun refused, al-Amin sent an day trip to grab the districts.

Al-Amin's lodge to strength resulted in catastrophe. Al-Ma'mun's forces, led by means of Tahir b. al-Husayn and Harthamah b. A'yan, speedy closed in on Baghdad. In a siege lasting over a yr, Baghdad suffered broad harm from the battling and from bombardment by means of siege engines. Gangs of vagrants and paupers, prepared through al-Amin into abnormal devices, fought a type of city guerrilla conflict. yet, with Tahir and Harthamah implementing the siege and with so much of al-Amin's affiliates having switched their loyalties to the profitable part, the caliph was once compelled to sue for phrases. those have been labored out between representatives of al-Amin, Tahir, and Harthamah. notwithstanding, whilst the caliph boarded the boat that used to be to take him into Harthamah's custody, troops unswerving to Tahir assaulted and capsized the boat. Al-Amin fell into the Tigris, was once apprehended, and was once done that evening on orders from Tahir. therefore ended this section of the civil struggle. Al-Ma'mun was once now caliph.

Al-Tabari's historical past of those years comprises bills by means of members within the occasion, diplomatic letters among al-Amin and al-Ma'mun, Tahir's lengthy letter to al-Ma'mun at the conditions of al-Amin's demise, and a dramatic eyewitness account of al-Amin's final hours. additionally noteworthy is a 135-verse poem describing the devastation of Baghdad. The part ends with a chain of literary anecdotes at the personality of al-Amin.

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Download E-books Tribes and Empire on the Margins of Nineteenth-Century Iran (Publications on the Near East) PDF

By Arash Khazeni

Tribes and Empire at the Margins of Nineteenth-Century Iran strains the background of the Bakhtiyari tribal confederacy of the Zagros Mountains via momentous occasions that observed the outlet in their territory to the skin global. because the Qajar dynasty sought to combine the peoples on its margins into the kingdom, the British Empire made advertisement inroads into the as soon as inaccessible mountains at the frontier among Iran and Iraq. the gap among the kingdom and the tribes used to be narrowed via imperial initiatives that incorporated the construction of a highway during the mountains, the collection of geographical and ethnographic info, and the exploration for oil, which culminated through the Iranian Constitutional Revolution.

These sleek tasks assimilated self sustaining pastoral nomadic tribes at the peripheries of Qajar Iran right into a wider imperial territory and the realm economic climate. Tribal topics didn't stay passive amidst those adjustments in setting and society, in spite of the fact that, and initiatives of empire within the hinterlands of Iran have been regularly mediated via encounters, lodging, and engagement with the tribes. not like the variety of literature at the city periods and political middle in Qajar Iran, Arash Khazeni adopts a view from the Bakhtiyari tents at the outer edge. Drawing upon Persian chronicles, tribal histories, and archival resources from London, Tehran, and Isfahan, this e-book opens new floor through forthcoming nineteenth-century Iran from its side and putting the tribal outer edge on the middle of a story approximately empire and assimilation within the smooth heart East.

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Download E-books The History of al-Tabari Vol. 30: The 'Abbasid Caliphate in Equilibrium: The Caliphates of Musa al-Hadi and Harun al-Rashid A.D. 785-809/A.H. 169-193 (SUNY series in Near Eastern Studies) PDF

By C. E. Bosworth

This quantity of al-Tabari's History covers approximately 1 / 4 of a century, and after overlaying the very short caliphate of al-Hadi, concentrates on that of Harun al-Rashid. in the course of those years, the caliphate used to be in a nation of stability with its exterior foes; the good enemy, Christian Byzantium, used to be seemed with recognize by way of the Muslims, and the 2 nice powers of the close to East handled one another primarily as equals, whereas the Caucasian and primary Asian frontiers have been held opposed to strain from the Turkish peoples of internal Eurasia. the most stresses have been inner, together with Shi'ite risings on behalf of the excluded apartment of 'Ali, and revolts via the unconventional equalitarian Kharijites; yet none of those used to be severe sufficient to impact the elemental balance of the caliphate.

Harun al-Rashid's caliphate has obtained within the West, lower than the impact of a deceptive photograph from the Arabian Nights, a sparkling picture as a golden age of Islamic tradition and letters stemming from the Caliph's patronage of the exponents of those arts and sciences. In mild of the image of the Caliph which emerges from al-Tabari's pages, besides the fact that, this photograph appears to be like rather exaggerated. Al-Rashid himself doesn't convey any amazing symptoms of administrative competence, army management or highbrow pursuits past these which conference demanded of a ruler. for far of his reign, he left the company of presidency to the able viziers of the Barmakid family--the account of whose awesome fall from energy varieties essentially the most dramatic positive factors of al-Tabari's narratives here--and his selection to divide the Islamic empire after his demise among his sons used to be to guide thus to a disastrous civil battle. however, al-Tabari's tale is stuffed with attention-grabbing sidelights at the lives of these interested in the court docket circle of the time and at the motivations which impelled medieval Muslims to hunt precarious careers there.

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