Appian (Appianus) was once a Greek legitimate of Alexandria. He observed the Jewish uprising of 116 CE, and later grew to become a Roman citizen and recommend and bought the rank of eques (knight). In his older years he held a procuratorship. He died in the course of the reign of Antoninus Pius who was once emperor 138–161 CE. sincere admirer of the Roman empire although blind to the associations of the sooner Roman republic, he wrote, within the easy 'common' dialect, 24 books of 'Roman affairs', in truth conquests, from the beginnings to the days of Trajan (emperor 98–117 CE). 11 have come right down to us whole, or approximately so, specifically these at the Spanish, Hannibalic, Punic, Illyrian, Syrian, and Mithridatic wars, and 5 books at the Civil Wars. they're helpful files of army history.
The Loeb Classical Library version of Appian is in 4 volumes.
Read Online or Download Appian: Roman History, II, Books 8.2-12 (Loeb Classical Library #3) (Volume II) PDF
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Additional info for Appian: Roman History, II, Books 8.2-12 (Loeb Classical Library #3) (Volume II)
A hundred and one]  As these items have been occurring forever, the celebrity of [Publius Cornelius] Scipio [Aemilianus] was once at the raise, in order that the opposite tribunes, out of envy, unfold a document that there has been an knowing among [Himilco] Phameas and Scipio, coming up from the previous friendship among the ancestors of Phameas and Scipio's grandfather [Publius Cornelius] Scipio [Africanus]. convinced Africans had taken shelter in towers and castles, with which the rustic abounded, in pursuance of agreements made with the opposite tribunes and the latter, after giving them this permission, had set upon them after they have been going out, yet Scipio continuously carried out them correctly domestic. as a result none of them may make any contract except Scipio have been current. during this manner his popularity for braveness and sturdy religion unfold steadily between either buddies and enemies. After the Romans had lower back from their foraging the Carthaginians made an evening assault on their castle via the ocean, inflicting large confusion during which the voters joined by way of making noises so as to add to the alarm. whereas [ consul Manius] Manilius saved his forces inside of, now not understanding the place the risk lay, Scipio, taking ten troops of horse, led them out with lighted torches ordering them, because it was once evening, to not assault the enemy, yet to direction round them with the firebrands and make a express of numbers and to frighten them by means of creating a feint of attacking the following and there. This was once performed till the Carthaginians, thrown into confusion on each side, turned panic-stricken and took shelter within the urban. This additionally was once further to the well-known exploits of Scipio. hence within the mouths of all he was once proclaimed because the purely invaluable successor of his father, Paullus the conqueror of Macedonia and of the Scipios into whose relatives he have been acquired through adoption. [ §102] Manilius undertook an day trip to Nepheris opposed to Hasdrubal which Scipio disapproved of as the highway was once flanked by means of mountain crags gorges, and thickets, and the heights have been occupied via the enemy. once they had come inside of 500 meters of Hasdrubal, and to the mattress of a river the place it was once essential to pass down and up back, that allows you to achieve the enemy Scipio advised him to show again, asserting that once more and different ability will be extra propitious for attacking Hasdrubal. the opposite tribunes, moved by means of jealousy, took the other view and held that it savored of cowardice instead of of prudence, to show again after coming in sight of the enemy and that it is going to embolden him to assault them within the rear. Then Scipio gave one other piece of recommendation, that they should toughen a camp at the hither aspect of the move, to which they can retreat in the event that they have been overpowered there being now no position the place they can take safe haven. The others laughed at this, and one in all them threatened to throw away his sword if Scipio, rather than Manilius, have been to command the excursion. Thereupon Manilius, who had now not had a lot event in warfare, crossed the river and at the different facet encountered Hasdrubal. there has been nice slaughter on each side.
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